Cases OBGYNs Deal With
An OBGYN is a doctor who deals with all matters concerning the female reproductive organs. Obstetrics handles these areas for pregnant women. Gynecology comes into the picture when there is no pregnancy to be concerned about. This doctor is therefore needed whether a woman is pregnant or not. If you wish to become an OBGYN, you first have to get your medical degree, then proceed for further studies to specialize in the field. A gynecologist also needs to get trained in being obstetric, but the obstetric does not necessarily have to receive gynecology training. There is a tendency for most OBGYNs to finish school and start a general practice, but some of them keep on specializing into a specific field.
These specializing areas they go into are fellowships, which shall have clinical, operational and research training baked into them. How long one trains depends on what they chose to specialize in. Examples include maternal-fetal medicine, gynecological oncology, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, pelvic reconstructive surgery, family planning and menopausal gynecology, to name a few.
An OBGYN is thus capable of many different types of procedures in both pregnant and non-pregnant cases. One of their most common procedure is the ultrasound. This service is offered at many stages in a woman’s pregnancy. It is the way to gather more info about the health status of both mother and fetus. The obstetrician shall rely on the first ultrasound to determine the state of the pregnancy and the expected delivery date. This procedure is usually done at the OBGYN’s office, where they use their ultrasound sonographer. As the pregnancy nears its conclusion, a contraction stress test procedure may be administered. This test is done when contractions are induced, which will point out how the fetus will react, if there any areas of concern, and who smoothly the childbirth shall go.
You will discover more procedures these doctors have been trained to perform. A common one is dilation and curettage. Dilation is done to enlarge the entrance of the patient’s uterus, as curettage is done to scrape the lining of the uterus for tissue samples. This is what they resort to when they need to know more about the presence of abnormal uterine bleeding to treat it. The collected samples shall be observed under a microscope to check for abnormal cells.
You will also hear of hysterectomy, which is one of their most administered procedures. In it, they shall remove either part of, or the whole uterus. This is something done on a woman who has reached childbearing age. This is what they have to turn to when there is nothing else to do in cases of chronic pelvic pain, cancer, or abnormal uterine bleeding.
An OBGYN relies on their skills and training, as well as their experience to perform numerous procedures and administer care for both pregnant and non-pregnant women.